With the emergence of the Newly Independent States (NIS) in the 1990s, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, new borders cut through Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia. As a result, many water allocation and pollution problems that were previously national issues within the Soviet Union have become transboundary issues.

This process of change poses new challenges to regional cooperation. There is a considerable inter-dependance in the NIS region with regard to water resources as they are crucial for life, economy and political stability. Therefore, managing their transboundary waters requires a new and jointly negotiated legal and regulatory framework.

In this, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) - and in particular its secretariat for the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Helsinki, 17 March 1992) - takes a leading role. The UNECE is active in programmes and initiatives aimed at peaceful and sustainable management of water resources in the region. In its recent publication Transboundary Water Cooperation : Trends in the Newly Independent States (2009) the outcome of the UNECE Water Convention's project on "Transboundary Water Cooperation in the Newly Independant States" is explained. It builds on and further develops the conclusions from the High-level Meeting on the Strategic Partnership on Water for Sustainable Development held in Moscow on 5-6 March 2003.

Programmes and further initiatives in the field of transboundary water cooperation in the NIS Region will contribute to the further development of international water law. The Peace Palace Library has an extensive collection on this topic.:

PPL systematic code : Boundary waters or lakes, international waterways and canals

PPL systematic code : Other international waterways, etc.

PPL keyword combination : Central Asia + Water

PPL keyword combination : Caucusus + Water

PPL keyword : International Watercourses

PPL keyword : Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes

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