The decision of the European Council to introduce a rule of law mechanism in the budget of the EU marks the emergence of a new model of transnational governance in Europe.
The European Model of Transnational Governance, as it may be called, has arisen alongside the prevailing Westphalian System of International Relations, according to which the EU had either to become a federal state or to form a confederal union of states.
However, the Westphalian imperative has not materialised. By establishing itself as a Union of democratic States, based on the rule of law, which also functions as a constitutional democracy of its own, the EU has evolved into a new category of international law.Read more
One month ago, the Austrian Embassy in The Netherlands in collaboration with the Peace Palace Library hosted a book launch in honor of Austrian Professor Dr. August Reinisch and his latest publication titled ‘The Conventions on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations and its Specialized Agencies: a Commentary published by Oxford University Press. Professor August Reinisch is currently Austria’s candidate for the International Law Commission and given the fact that the subject seems more relevant than ever, we kindly asked professor Reinisch for an interview on the topic of his latest book and his passion for international law.Read more
The Hague is the International City of Peace and Justice. There are 160 international organisations in The Hague, employing around 14,000 people dedicated to the cause of world peace. Find out more about the organisations and what they do.Read more
Subjects of International Law can be described as those persons or entities who possess international personality. Throughout the 19th century, only States qualified as subjects of international law. After, the Second World War, more and more new actors emerged in the international legal arena such as the intergovernmental organizations created by States, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) created by individuals, multinationals and even natural persons (i.e. individuals).Read more
The United Nations is an international organization, founded in 1945. It was established to promote a set of global values: peace and security, self-determination of peoples, social progress and development, and human dignity. It was set up to serve as a centre for harmonizing the actions of its Member States in the promotion of these values. The Organization currently has 192 Member States. It acts mainly through its six principal organs.Read more
The League of Nations was the forerunner of the United Nations. It was established under the Treaty of Versailles, the peace treaty that formally ended World War I. The Treaty of Versailles was signed on 28 June 1919. Part I of the Versailles Treaty, i.e. the Covenant of the League of Nations, was the constitutional document of the League. According to this constitution, the League’s purpose was “to promote international co-operation and to achieve international peace and security”.Read more
An international organization can be defined, following the International Law Commission, as an ‘organization established by a treaty or other instrument governed by international law and possessing its own international legal personality’. International organizations generally have States as members, but often other entities can also apply for membership. They both make international law and are governed by it. Yet, the decision-making process of international organizations is often ‘less a question of law than one of political judgement’.Read more
The International Court of Justice was established in 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations as the principal judicial organ. Its role in the fulfillment of the purposes of the UN is to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace.Read more
The Peace Palace Library Research Guides are intended as a starting point for legal research on various topics of International Law. They provide the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format and on the Internet. Reference works, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography sections. Links to the library’s Online Public Access Catalogue are inserted. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, the Research Guides feature links to relevant blogs, websites and other online resources of particular interest.Read more
From a traditional point of view, International Public Law has been understood as a set of rules produced by states in order to regulate relations between them. Since the end of the Cold War, the role of NGOs in international law is growing in importance and their activities are reaching the remotest parts of the world. In this blog, I will briefly discuss how NGOs have transformed international law as well as how they continue to contribute to the development of international law.Read more