War is a state of organized, armed and often prolonged conflict carried on between states, nations, or other parties typified by extreme aggression, social disruption, and usually high mortality. In addition to the existence of this organized behavior pattern amongst human primates, very similar organized warlike behavior patterns are also found in many other primate species. The set of techniques used by a group to carry out war is known as warfare. An absence of War is usually called Peace. In the 1832 treatise On War, Prussian military general and theoretician Carl von Clausewitz defined war as follows: 'War is thus an act of force to compel our enemy to do our will'. Polemology is the study of human conflict and war.
The history of Peace is as old as the history of humanity itself, and certainly as old as War. War is often thought to be the natural state of humanity, Peace of any sort being fragile and fleeting. However, Peace in its various forms has been by far humanity's more common experience, as much of history has been relatively peaceful and orderly, while frameworks for security, law and justice have constantly been advancing. Thus, over the centuries the concept of Peace has been broadened from the absence of overt violence and war to something much more sophisticated, incorporating terms such als peacemaking, conflict resolution, and statebuilding.
This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on War and Peace. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library's subject headings (keywords) War, Peace and War and Peace Research are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.
- Baofu, P., The Future of Post-Human War and Peace: A Preface to a New Theory of Aggression and Pacificity, Newcastle, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010.
- Barash, D.P. (ed.), Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.
- Barash, D.P. and C.P. Webel, Peace and Conflict Studies, Fourth Edition, 2018.
- Clausewitz, C.Ph.G. von, On the Nature of War, London, Penguin Books, 2005.
- Dinstein, Y., War, Aggression and Self-Defence, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2017.
- Durieux, B., J.-B. Jeangène Vilmer et F. Ramel (dir.), Dictionnaire de la Guerre et de la Paix, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 2017.
- Gat, A., The Causes of War & the Spread of Peace: But Will War Rebound?, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017.
- Gillespie, A., The Causes of War: Volume I-III, Oxford; Portland, Hart Publishing, 2013-2017.
- Goertz, G., P.F. Diehl and A. Balas, The Puzzle of Peace: The Evolution of Peace in the International System, New York, NY, Oxford University Press, 2017.
- Grayling, A.C., War: An Inquiry, New Haven; London, Yale University Press, 2017.
- Jäger, Th. und R. Beckmann (Hrsg.), Handbuch Kriegstheorien, Wiesbaden, VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2011.
- Lindley-French, J. and Y. Boyer (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of War, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2012.
- Martel, G., Twentieth-Century War and Conflict: A Concise Encyclopedia, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2015.
- Neff, S.C., War and the Law of Nations: A General History, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2005.
- Richmond, O.P., Peace: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.
- Sidebottom, H., Ancient Warfare: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2004.
Selected books and articles
- Amster, R., Peace Ecology, Boulder; London, Paradigm Publishers, 2015.
- Capizzi, J.E., Politics, Justice, and War: Christian Governance and the Ethics of Warfare, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015.
- Colson, B., Napoleon on War, Oxford; New York, Oxford University Press, 2015.
- Copeland, D.C., Economic Interdependence and War, Princeton; Oxford, Princeton University Press, 2015.
- DeRouen, K., An Introduction to Civil Wars, Los Angeles; London; New Delhi; Singapore; Washington DC, SAGE, CQ Press, 2015.
- Due-Gundersen, N., The Privatization of Warfare and Inherently Governmental Functions: Private Military Companies in Iraq and the State Monopoly of Regulated Force, Cambridge; Antwerp; Portland, Intersentia, 2016.
- Fabre, C., Cosmopolitan Peace, Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press, 2016.
- Freedman, L., The Future of War: A History, New York, NY, PublicAffairs, 2017.
- Frowe, H., The Ethics of War and Peace: An Introduction, London; New York, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2016.
- Ganser, D., Illegale Kriege: wie die NATO-Länder die UNO sabotieren: eine Chronik von Kuba bis Syrien, Zürich, Orell Füssli Verlag, 2017.
- Hippler, Th. and M. Vec (eds.), Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015.
- Jensen, J., Krieg um des Friedens willen: Zur Lehre vom gerechten Krieg, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2015.
- Jones, S.G., Waging Insurgent Warfare: Lessons from the Vietcong to the Islamic State, New York, NY, Oxford University Press, 2017.
- O'Hanlon, M.E., The Future of Land Warfare, Washington, D.C., Brookings Institution Press, 2015.
- Preston, D., A Higher Form of Killing: Six Weeks in World War I That Forever Changed the Nature of Warfare, New York; London; New Delhi; Sydney, Bloomsbury Press, 2015.
- Quackenbush, S.L., International Conflict: Logic and Evidence, Los Angeles, SAGE Publications, 2015.
- Scheipers, S., Unlawful Combatants: A Genealogy of the Irregular Fighter, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015.
- Schroer-Hippel, Gewaltfreie Männlichkeitsideale: psychologische Perspektiven auf zivilgesellschaftliche Friedensarbeit, Wiesbaden, Springer, 2017.