International (Commercial) Arbitration is frequently used in commercial, interstate, and foreign investment disputes. This research guide covers arbitration between states and international arbitration between private parties. For international investment arbitration see the Research Guide on Foreign Direct Investment. In 1958 the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards was adopted in New York. It is also called the New York Convention. The New York Convention ensures that the states party to the Convention recognize and enforce international arbitration agreements and foreign arbitral awards issued in other contracting states. The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) adopted in 1985 the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration. This provides a model for states to incorporate in their domestic law. UNCITRAL also published Arbitration Rules which parties can be used by parties before or after a dispute arises, to govern the conduct of arbitration.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on International (Commercial) Arbitration. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library's subject heading (keyword) International Arbitration and International Commercial Arbitration are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.


Sources of international law




Soft law

Reference works

Selected books and articles

For all peer-reviewed articles in the PPL Catalogue, click here.

Periodicals, serial publications